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Spices

Cloves

Cloves have a sweet aroma and a pungent, astringent flavour. They have a wide array of medicinal uses. Most famously, to alleviate tootache. Clove oil contains eugenol, a natural pain killer and antibacterial.Cloves are an integral part of any Indian garam masala. Garam masala is a spice mix from northern India, used in many veggie and meat preparations.

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Black pepper

Black pepper essentially serves as a spice, employed enormously for seasoning and garnishing, the dried version and fruit of the tree Piperaceae of which can be witnessed virtually in every Indian home. The spice black pepper however bears its botanical name as being Piper nigrum Linn, with the family name acting as the already mentioned Piperaceae. The spice, owing to its rich aromatic popularity in Indian kitchens, also is acknowledged by umpteen regional Indian names, like Kali Mirch in Hindi; Gol morich and Kalo marich in Bengali; Kala Mari in Gujarati; Kare Menasu in Kannada; Marutis in Kashmiri; Karumaluku and Nallamaluku in Malayalam; Kali Mirch and Mire in Marathi; Gol Maricha in Oriya; Kali Mirch in Punjabi; Ushana, Maricha, Hapusha in Sanskrit; Milagu in Tamil; Miriyalu in Telugu; Kali Mirch, Siah Mirch in Urdu.

Black pepper is a spice to South India and is cultivated expansively and broadly there and elsewhere in the separate tropical regions. Black pepper is also widely cropped and cultured in the Coorg area of Karnataka. There exist umpteen varieties and types of black pepper known in the world trade. These peppers, normally cultivated in port regions other than India, quite naturally, differ slightly in their physical and chemical characteristics, colour, size, shape, flavour, aroma and bite.
















Vanilla beans

Vanilla beans - those pricey, fragrant, dried seedpods that offer no easy clue about how to use them - are native to tropical America. There are over 150 varieties of vanilla orchids (there are 27 varieties in South Florida alone), but only two species are used commercially to flavor and fragrance foods and beverages-- Bourbon and Tahitian.

Bourbon beans are botanically known as Vanilla planifolia or Vanilla fragrans and originally came from the Gulf Coast of Mexico. When grown in Mexico they're called Mexican beans. On the other hand, beans from the same plant stock are called Bourbon beans if they grow in Madagascar, Indonesia, and many other regions. The big exception is the beans from Tahiti. Even though Tahitian vanilla is now considered its own species, the original plant stock also came from Mexico.

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Cumin Seeds

Product Description :

A basic Indian spice. Used mainly in North India. Used for its strong but very pleasing flavor. Cumin seeds are the seeds of Cuminum cyminum, which belongs to the parsley family. It is pale green in color and elliptical in shape with deep furrows.

Scientific Name : Cuminum Cyminum

Family Name : Apiaceae

Name in international languages

Languages Name
Spanish Comino
French Cumin
German Romischer Kummel
Swedish Spiskummin
Arabic Kammun
Dutch Komijn
Italian Comino
Portuguese Cominho
Russian Kmin
Chinese Machin
Hindi Jeera

Botany

Cumin, a small, annual herbaceous plant of the parsley family, grows to a height of about 25 cm. It flourishes best in sunny places with some rainfall. The small white or pink flowers grow on small compound umbels. The small, boat-shaped seed has nine ridges and it is brown-yellow in colour.

The reported life zone of cumin is 9 to 26 degrees centigrade with an annual precipitation of 0.3 to 2.7 meters and a soil pH of 4.5 to 8.3. Cumin thrives on rich, well-drained sandy loam soil. The plant, which needs mild temperatures during a three to four month growing season, is intolerant of long periods of dry heat. Plant the seeds in a sunny location after the soil has become warm in spring. If the rows are 2 feet apart, with 16 to 20 seeds to the foot, no thinning will be necessary. Cultivate to control weeds.

Uses & Application

It is used for its strong and very pleasing flavor and has qualities of digesting food. Cumin seeds has a penetrating flavor and aroma. Cumin seeds are used commercially as a principal ingredient in curry powder and is extensively used in Mexican dishes and marinades for meats.

Medicinal use

Oil of cumin is used in fragrances. As a medicinal plant, cumin has been utilized as an antispasmodic, carminative, sedative, and stimulant. Cumin oil has been reported to have antibacterial activity. Distinct phototoxic effects have been reported from undiluted cumin oil. It is also used in veterinary medicines and perfumes



Coriander Seeds

Product Description :

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is an umbelliferous annual plant of the parsley family, native to the eastern Mediterranean region and southern Europe and is found in many other parts of the world. It is valued for the dry ripe fruits, called coriander seeds and also the fresh green leaves called cilantro. The herb is produced in Morocco, Romania, Mexico, Argentina, the People's Republic of China, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Canada, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Poland, Syria, the United States, the USSR and Yugoslavia.

Scientific Name : Coriandrum sativam L.

Family Name : Apiaceae

Commercial part : Leaf and seed

Name in international languages


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Languages Name
Spanish Culantro
French Corriandre
German Koriander
Swedish Koriander
Arabic Koriander
Dutch Kuzhbare
Italian Koriander
Portuguese Coentro
Russian Koriandr
Chinese Hu-sui
Hindi Dhania

Botany

Coriander is a rigid, strong-smelling annual with pronounced taproot, and slender branching stems up to 60 cm. Reaching a height of 1 meter, the adromonoecious plant flowers in July and August. The plant has ferny, pinnately or ternately decompound leaves and produces compound umbels with small white or pinkish flowers that are attractive to bees. The seed capsules are round red-brown which are aromatic when ripe.

The reported life zone of cumin is 9 to 26 degrees centigrade with an annual precipitation of 0.3 to 2.7 meters and a soil pH of 4.5 to 8.3. Cumin thrives on rich, well-drained sandy loam soil. The plant, which needs mild temperatures during a three to four month growing season, is intolerant of long periods of dry heat. Plant the seeds in a sunny location after the soil has become warm in spring. If the rows are 2 feet apart, with 16 to 20 seeds to the foot, no thinning will be necessary. Cultivate to control weeds.













Medicinal and Other use

As a medicinal plant, coriander has been used as an antispasmodic, carminative, stimulant, and stomachic. Coriander has also exhibited hypoglycemic activity. At one time, coriander was used in love potions and considered to be an aphrodisiac. Chinese herbal medicine includes the use of coriander for measles, stomachache, nausea, hernia, and as a tonic. Coriander seed oil has antibacterial properties and is used for treating colic, neuralgia and rheumatism. The oil also counteracts unpleasant odours in pharmaceutical preparations and tobacco. It is used in perfumes, liqueurs and gin. The linalool in coriander oil is known to cause contact dermatitis. Seeds are sometimes used as a flavoring agent to improve taste in other medicinal preparations. The seeds are ground into a paste for application to skin and mouth ulcers.